Barkhor Street

Barkhor Street is located in the old city center of Lhasa. Its concept is not generally considered the eight street corner, which is a transliteration of Tibetan pronunciation when the word refers to the surrounding around the Jokhang Temple has a strong ethnic architectural style buildings. It developed into the World Tubo King Songtsan Year 7, when the construction of the Jokhang Monastery and the Jokhang Temple along with the development of the building developed. Bajiao Street not only has a large number of historical relics and monuments, but also a sacred place for Tibetan Buddhists in the eyes of Tibetan Buddhists in turn through the thoroughfare.

From morning to night you can see here from all parts of Tibet, Buddhists dressed in costumes of different nationalities, who in strict accordance with clockwise turn on this road to walk through. Barkhor in Lhasa as well as Tibet is also a commodity exchange center and distribution center for commodities. There are hundreds of street shops and stalls, where you can buy fine Tibetan people of various unique card pad, hand-made carpets, aprons, knives, jewelry, all kinds of precious Tibetan Taiwan saffron, Chinese caterpillar fungus and so on, but also Nepal and India have a variety of merchandise imports. So people called Barkhor in Tibet windows.

Barkhor, a circular street at the center of Old Lhasa, is the oldest street in a very traditional city in Tibet. It is a place where Tibetan culture, economy, religion and arts assemble and a place to which a visit must be paid.

It has been said that in the seventh century Songtsen Gampo, the first Tibetan King (617 - 650) who unified Tibet, married Chinese Princess Wencheng and Nepal princess Tritsun. Later Princess Tritsun built Jokhang Temple,  to accommodate the twelve-year-old Jowo Sakyamuni, brought to Tibet by Princess Wencheng.

Barkhor is the road which pilgrims tramped out around Jokhang Temple through centuries. Buddhist pilgrims walk or progress by body-lengths along the street clockwise every day into deep night. Most of Lhasa#s floating population is comprised of these pilgrims. The pilgrims walk outside four columns on which colorful scripture streamers are hung, a custom which began in the Tubo period (633-877) as a way to show respect.

To the west of the north street of Barkhor, in front of a juniper hearth, the annual ceremony to hail Maitreya (Buddha of the Future) is held. Tibetans pray before the hearth to expect fortune in the next year. A yamun, which used to be the office of a Lhasa magistrate, squats nearby. A small lane leads northward to a nearby market, the oldest market in Lhasa. The pantheon of the three story temple built during the Tubo period retains its Tubo architecture after many renovatioins. It was said that characters used in Tibetan writing were invented in the temple.

Barkhor, the sacred pilgrim path, is also a marketplace where shaggy nomads, traders, robed monks and chanting pilgrims join together. Clustered shops and stalls sell printed scriptures, cloth prayer flags and other religious vessels, jewelry, Tibetan knives, ancient coins and other Tibetan relics.



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