From the first century AD, Buddhism came to China, after several hundred years of digestion and absorption, in the profound Chinese culture in soil taken deep root, the realization of the Chinese Buddhism and becoming an important part of the Chinese culture In the Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, The cultural structure of the tripartite confrontation determine its status. To the seventh century, the world’s central Mahayana Buddhism gradually moved to the north and China as the center, to other geographical spread.
8 century, India, late maturity Mahayana Buddhism -Vajrayana, walked over the mountains, southwest of China’s imported Tibetan domain are looking to the local Bonpo, access to the popular belief, politics and religion’s status.
The mid11th century, Atisha into the Tubo, has praised the development of Buddhism in Tibet has exceeded the home of Buddhism in India. Buddhism in the world’s three major languages, Chinese and Tibetan two-line formed in China. Theravada, In southwest China’s minority areas, the spread after thousands of years, formed the other part of Chinese Buddhism– Pali language.
Chinese Buddhism flourished from the Northern and Southern Dynasties has begun to enter the development stage. Buddhists in the number is increasing, temples are everywhere, in an ancient poem wrote:
All the four hundred eighty temples from Southern Dynasty, Hide their towers amongst smoky blossoms and misty rain.
As for the peak period of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, to the heyday of development, the various sects of Buddhism gradually formed, Buddhism in China’s unique environment, gradually developed its own model. Along with the continuous improvement of the Buddhist scripture, the Chinese people’s special intelligence and unique mode of thinking, through division of the Buddha’s teaching, expounding, and established sect, Constantly sum up play so that the teachings of the rationale for the increasingly mature and a high degree of Chinese Buddhist theory. In the process of localization, each sectarian temple taken the Patriarch as center not only have their own theoretical system, and gradually formed a manor-style temple economic entities because of the continuous development of secular and popular.
Since the Song Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty Kangxi and Qianlong’s flourishing age, With the centralized system of feudal society in constant development, in the vast territory and large population of China, Buddhism traces can be seen everywhere. In the past thousand years of historical development, Buddhism in
depth integrated with Chinese culture, the entire nation into a psychological constitution and folkways of organic ingredients.
However, in the monarchy under the rule of the Chinese Buddhism, based on extremely dependent on the rulers, in replacement of the monarchy in the social phenomenon inevitably impermanence.
To the Qing Dynasty, Chinese Buddhism gradually decline, the precepts abandoned, dilapidated temples, the monks of ignorance, superstition prevalent. In modern times, Yangwenhui must be in a group of Buddhists and other people of insight driven, Buddhism gained in various aspects of the development. Anti-Japanese War a large number of patriotic monks such as the famous social activist Taixu master active support of the war of resistance, to fight for the freedom and independence has made due contributions. The 20th century, as the reform of China’s Buddhist revival movement, the spirit of Popular Buddhism to achieve the transformation to a modern Buddhism.
After the founding of People’s Republic of China, Buddhism was showing an excellent situation, with the establishment of Buddhist Association of China, Buddhist cause of the increasing development, but because of the "Great Cultural Revolution" of the storm devastation, Buddhism verge on extinction. Later on"10years Catastrophe", for the continuous deepening and development of reform and opening, policy of religious freedom have been restored and implemented, so that the Chinese Buddhism have got a new development.
With the rapid development of modern society and the continuous improvement of material life, more and more attention to the building of spiritual civilization, Chinese Buddhism facing the 21st century is full of new challenges. How to meet the future social New Human Being’s needs of the religion, bring into full play the positive role of Buddhism, Buddhist reflects the intrinsic value, is now facing new tests. Although we have a rich cultural heritage and fine traditions (pay attention to Zen and farming, attach importance to academic research and lay stress on international friendly exchanges), but Buddhism also has many internal and long-crisis, leading to the belief within the faded, weak rules and laws program, practice and study of neglect, atmosphere unrighteousness, and so on. As the late president of B.A.C. Mr. Zhao Puchu "40th Anniversary of the B.A.C. Report," said: Vigorously train competent before the monks, to strengthen the training of qualified personnel, is a Chinese Buddhist fate and the direction of top priority, China’s Buddhist cause of construction and development of the most urgent and important task.
Therefore, facing the 21st century and the future of Chinese Buddhism, monks and laymen alike must in the training of personnel and construction of the modern theory and doctrine in transition to increase the intensity, improve our own quality, and actively participate in a wide range of social civilization construction, develop cultural & educational work and charitable causes. For promoting world peace, strengthening environmental protection and the East West cultural integration will play a greater role. Take practical action to show the Bodhisattva’s spirit of selfless dedication, make solemn land, bless and give joy to the living, striding towards the ideal state of Popular Buddhism.